How 13 Breeds Were Named

by Alessia

As the proud owner of a mutt, I’ve never really given much thought about purebreds and how interesting it would be to have a dog that has the qualities of one dog rather than a few. I’ve also never really done too much thinking about how dog breeds get their name because whenever someone asks me what Lucas is, I say he’s some kind of beagle rottweiler mix, but we’re not completely sure. It’s safe to say that I know very little about dog breeds, thus the research has commenced. These thirteen dog breeds¬†were either named after a trait they possess, a person who bred them, or even where they originate from.

1. Jack Russell Terrier
The Jack Russell is named after John Russell, a man who liked to hunt. He bought a dog named Trump from his milk man and bred her with other dogs to develop a breed of dog with the stamina and courage to hunt.

2. Lhasa Apso
Lhasa, a city in Tibet, is where half of this cute little dog’s name comes from. Originally this type of dog was used as a watchdog for monasteries, and the word ‘apso’, which literally means “bearded” in Tibetan was tacked on to the place of origin to describe one of the dog’s physical traits.

3. Bassett Hound
This dog gets it’s name from the french word ‘bas’, which means low – another name based on the physical traits of the pooch.

4. Cairn Terrier
This Scottish pup was named after it’s strong abilities to hunt in cairns, which are man made stacks of stones to mark geographical locations.

5. Dalmation
The Dalmatian is most commonly known for acting as a guard dog in Dalmatia, a region in Croatia in as early as the 18th century.

6. Labrador Retriever
Labradors actually originated in Newfoundland (now known as Newfoundland and Labrador) and were called the St. John’s water dog. In the early 19th century the Earl of Malmesbury brought these dogs to England and began training them, referring to them as ‘Labrador dogs’ in confusion of where they came from.

Once upon a time these manicured pooches were water dogs that would swim out to hunted waterfowl, and their name comes from the German word ‘pudln’, which means ‘splash’.

8. Cocker Spaniel
Cocker Spaniels got their start as gun dogs, like many others, and their particular specialty of hunting woodcocks coined the name ‘cockers’.

9. Bouvier des Flandres
This shaggy pup originated as a cow herder for farmers in Flandres, France, and the first half of their name comes from the French word for ‘cow herder’.

10. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
This type of spaniel gets its name from King Charles II, who was rarely seen without the company of his small spaniels.

11. Weimaraner
These beautiful dogs have been around since the 19th century, when the Duke of Weimar started to breed dogs that were smart, strong hunters that would not be afraid of big game like wolves.The breed that developed started to become popular among other Weimar nobleman, and the dog was named after its place of origin.

12. Dachshund
Dachshunds were bred as long little dogs that could dig into badger holes and battle with them. Dachshund is the literal German word for ‘badger dog’.

13. Beagle breed-beagle
And finally, the Beagle. Lucas is half beagle, and it makes the origin of this dog’s name even funnier to me. The name Beagle comes from the French word ‘becguele’, which means ‘noisy person’ and was given to these dogs because of their loud howls. Anyone who owns a beagle, or even half a beagle, would have to admit that this name is very fitting.

At least this helped me understand Lucas a little bit better – I guess if I do my research I should be able to find out if his craziness comes from being a Rottweiler or if he is just an anomaly.

Alessia xx

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