Breed overview the Newfoundland

by Amy Cooper

Are you considering getting a Newfoundland? Or are you just interested in the breed? Well, this is the perfect place to start! This post is a short summary of the Newfoundland breed characteristics from their size to how much exercise they need.

Breed overview

Newfoundlands were originally bred to help people haul in fishing nets, pull logs from the forest and retrieve equipment that’s fallen of a boat so are classed as a working breed. Because of what they are bred for they are a large breed standing at 25”-29” to the withers, weighing between 59 and 68 kg with a lifespan of under 10 years. They have a long coat so need lots of grooming and they shed lots! The breed standard colours are black, brown and Landseer. However, there are also some non-breed-standard colours like grey and white with black markings. 


Newfoundlands are a double coated breed and have a long coat. As I said above they do shed considerable year-round and like and other long coated breed they need regular brushing. There is no way to stop this shedding so if you get a Newfoundland make sure you’re prepared to have dog hair everywhere and to brush them at least twice a week! Obviously, Newfoundlands will also need their nails trimmed and teeth cleaned regularly exactly the same as all other dogs.


As Newfoundlands are a large breed they don’t need as much exercise as a working breed would normally need. So a Newfoundland needs up to 1 hour of exercise per day. Not only do they need physical exercise like walking or running but also mental stimulation. This can be done by training, which your Newfoundland will love or using puzzle toys. 


Like most large breeds Newfoundlands are prone to some common conditions. These include Addison’s disease, cataracts, cherry eye, subvalvular aortic stenosis, epilepsy, hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, cystinuria, cancer, gastric torsion and ruptured anterior cruciate ligament. However, all good breeders have both parents genetically tested/screened for these problems. This means that when you buy a puppy you know it’s got a much smaller chance of developing these problems when its older. 


Newfoundlands are really sweet, friendly and protective dogs that love their owners and children with all their heart. Due to their gentle, friendly nature around children they have earnt the title of ‘natural-born babysitters’. They are not aggressive dogs but can have a natural instinct to protect its owners. However, with proper training and socialisation this won’t be a problem. They are also very smart so will take to training quickly and will love learning to please you. 

So, overall, Newfoundlands are loyal, intelligent, a wonderful working partner and a dependable, sweet-natured family pet. Just make sure you start training really early before your Newfoundland grows and you’re trying to train a bear!

P.s. You can view all of our Newfoundland products here!

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