Breed overview the Pug

by Amy Cooper
Breed overview the Pug

Are you considering getting a Pug? Or are you just interested in the breed? Well this is the perfect place to start! This post is a short breed overview of the Pug breed characteristics from their size to how much exercise they need.

Breed overview the Pug

Pugs were originally bred in China due to the Chinese passion for toy breeds with short faces. They are a toy breed standing at 10”-13” to the withers, weighing between 6 and 8 Kg with a lifespan of 10+ years. They have a short coat meaning that they need minimal grooming but will shed lots! The main breed standard colours are fawn with black mask, apricot with black mask, silver with black mask and black. However, there are a few more colour combinations that are not breed standard.


As I mentioned above Pugs need very little grooming. So, will need the occasional brush (about once a week) and bath. But they do shed a LOT so it will be beneficial to brush them more during shedding season. They also need their wrinkles cleaned regularly to avoid build-up of bacteria. Obviously, Pugs will also need their nails trimmed and teeth cleaned regularly exactly the same as all other dogs. 


As Pugs are not a working breed, they don’t need vast amounts of exercise, ideally up to 1 hour a day. But not only do they need physical exercise like walking or running but also mental stimulation as with all dog breeds. This can be done by training or using puzzle toys. 


Generally, Pugs are more prone to health conditions than most breeds due to their flat face and inbreeding. These include cheyletiella dermatitis, pug dog encephalitis, epilepsy, nerve degeneration, corneal ulcers, dry eye, eye problems, allergies, demodectic mange, staph infection, yeast infection, hemi-vertebrae, hip dysplasia, legg-perthes disease, patellar luxation and vaccination sensitivity. So, as you can see from that lengthy list unfortunately Pugs are not the healthiest dogs. However, all good breeders have both parents genetically tested/screened for these problems. This means that when you buy a puppy you know it’s got a much smaller chance of developing these problems when its older. 


Pugs are a very good all-round family pet since they were bred for and their unique looks. Pugs absolutely love attention and tend to be quite chilled out so one of their favourite things to do is just chill on your lap! They are relatively intelligent, but training will need to be really positive with lots of rewards (probably food based). So, keep training sessions short, fun and engaging! 

So, overall Pugs are a small dog with a giant personality! They are companion dogs so don’t need a lot of exercise and are an exceptionally playful and good natured dog who fits exceptionally well into family life thanks to their laid back, playful nature. Pugs respond to commands readily thriving off of your companionship and their gentle temperament makes them great for all the family, displaying patience and kindness with children as well as living alongside other pets

P.S. You can shop all of our Pug products here!

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